Dawn and Sunset are just a compelling Tale of the Oldest Cities of the Near East written by amateur historian and Israeli high school English teacher, Michael Bazerman. It’s clear, Bazerman has spent a lot of time researching and documenting this work. He has compiled precise information on the everyday life of the inhabitants of the old world known as Mesopotamia and the cradle of civilization. The earliest cities encompassed the Persian Gulf area and were known as Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian regions. The Mesopotamia area today is called Eastern Turkey, IRAQ, Kuwait, Baghdad, Iran, and Northern Syria. The Greek meaning of Mesopotamia is “land between two rivers.” The twin rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, nourished Mesopotamia. They made it easy for nomadic tribes to begin to cultivate the land for agriculture and eventually settle into communal villages where life as we know it began. Then much changed on time. A lot of historical ground is covered in the numerous millenniums referenced with some focus on the third and fourth millennia BCE.
This work may become more than A Tale; perhaps it’s a social study of our earliest ancestors? Maybe it’s nearer to a documentary of facts, yet facts which are sometimes verified through myths, legends, and the poetry of this millennium? Bazerman blazes on undaunted by the scarcity of information for many periods and events. He gathers his content from different angles to expose discrepancies and biases for what they were. When there is no documentation to guide the claim, he’ll pursue other avenues; he will find a hieroglyphic, a poem, or an architectural marker of that period, so his points are well documented. The writer himself says it best, “only artists and scholars are entitled to examine our history through a magnifying glass with inexhaustible vigor,” which he does very well in creating this educational volume called Dawn and Sunset.
The Gods drove every decision in the ancient world. Temples attested for their glory and power. In the beginning, the Temples controlled the economic life of a community. They were central to any or all the regions, and the numerous Gods were worshipped and honored always. Life was a struggle, a regular battle with the hostile land and various populations of people. Irrigation and farming allowed for communal villages to provide a solution to more complex societies with district states https://nomadific.com/. Then pristine cities became early empires, and these answered dynasties with corruption and exploitation that will bring in the Dark Ages and the eventual collapse of the first civilization that were “two thousand turbulent years in the making.” The temples fell to government rule, and the general’s built extravagant palaces to display power and demand respect whether or not they deserved it or not. Many great leaders and warriors would rise and fall. Some were virtuous, and some were not. War was inevitable, and peace was all but nonexistent.
Though it all, writing, language, and technological advancement prevailed, metals, ceramics, and new building materials enhanced and changed their lifestyle forever. New transportation routes and foreign trade altered the landscape, social classes, and the expectations of the people. Division of labor and other inequities emerged that will result in more wars and the eventual demise of a once glorious nation known as Mesopotamia. From pre-civilization to civilization to its very downfall, this book delivers a great deal as each chapter is organized and packed with great detail in regards to the grueling and challenging historical times involving the Dawn and Sunset of Mesopotamia- A Tale of the Oldest Cities of the Near East. Ironically, through this writing, we can see many parallels of modern-day society since it faces a number of the same indignities and dilemmas of the historical period.
After Dawn and Sunset, author Michael Baizenman emerges with a new book and is already writing it. It’s in regards to the attitude of the Latin West to the East on the eve of the Age of Discovery. Both books should interest history lovers and educators who such as a dedicated spirit of inquiry and documented exposure of facts that might not be so factual. Any differences in opinion, by this author, is well researched, well documented, and well written. These volumes are sure to be a handy resource for almost any educator who’d like this little extra detail when it comes to the history of ancient civilizations.